Record breaking warmth has dominated much of Florida since 2015, Weather Service says

What’s happening to the climate in Florida? It definitely hasn’t been business as usual, the National Weather Service said in an eye-opening new report published on Saturday by forecasters in Melbourne.

“The annual weather summaries for east central Florida over the past several years have ended up sounding like a broken record, especially in terms of temperatures,” meteorologist Derrick Weitlich said. “Pronounced warmer than normal conditions have largely continued to dominate the weather pattern across the region since 2015, with annual average temperatures from that year onward for many sites ranking in the top 5 warmest.”

The NWS in Miami said Saturday that all four major observation sites in South Florida — Miami, Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach and Naples — had their warmest year on record in 2020.

Melbourne reports that in East-Central Florida, Leesburg and Sanford tied for their warmest year on record with the note that, “if not for the colder than normal weather that moved into the region in December, it likely would have been the warmest year on record for the majority of climate sites” across the area.

December came in 2-3 degrees below average from Daytona Beach down to Stuart, including Orlando — something that has not occurred in East-Central Florida since March of 2018.

“It is also interesting to note that while it was cold in December, no freezing temperatures occurred at the primary climate
sites, continuing a long stretch of temperatures remaining above 32 degrees since January of 2018 . . . Outside of December, all other months and seasons during 2020 had average temperatures that were either near or above normal, with many ranking within the top 10 warmest.”

Orlando posted 10 high temperature records in 2020, with zero low temperature records. The city had one record cool high temperature — but a whopping 43 warm minimum temperature records. Orlando also had 177 days last year in which the low was at least 70 degrees or warmer, the highest number for any year on record. Notably, the previous record — 171 days — was sset in 2019.

The number of days when the temperature didn’t dip below 70 also set records in Leesburg (172); Sanford (165); and Vero Beach (204). All these cities beat records set in 2019. One exception: Fort Pierce, with 201 days over 70 degrees, remained in second place behind 1929, which had 207.

The NWS Miami office reported last week that areas of East-Central Broward County had rainfall totals in excess of 100 inches in 2020. Thanks to some wet tropical storms during the blockbuster hurricane season, 70-90 inches of rain hammered the Treasure Coast.

“There were even some localized spots in the Stuart and Hobe Sound area that reached up to 95 to 100 inches in 2020,” Weitlich said. “Fort Pierce and Stuart both had annual precipitation totals that ranked as 4th wettest on record for each site. In contrast there were some spots that ended drier than normal, such as Leesburg and Sanford airports that had totals that were 11 to 12 inches below normal for the year.”

Access the full report by clicking here.

West-Central Florida, also despite a cooler than normal December, ended 2020 with “all sites likely ending up with a Top Ten Warmest year,” the National Weather Service in Tampa reported.

Tampa posts record high; Delta roars into Gulf

Hurricane Delta was pounding Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula Wednesday on its way to the northern Gulf Coast. See below for more. (Image credit: NOAA)

T.S. Eliot said April is the cruelest month, but in Florida we all know it’s actually October.

There is more likely to be mold, not frost, on the pumpkins, and humidity levels in central and southern parts of the peninsula are still at sauna levels.

Tampa set a record high Tuesday with 94, busting the previous record of 93 set in 2017. Leesburg posted a record high with 93. That beat the old record of 92 set in 2017.

The heat index in Tampa was 99; it was 100 in Orlando.

Other notable heat index readings: Immokalee, 107; Fort Lauderdale, 105; Key West, 105; Kendall, 104; Naples, 103; West Palm Beach, 101; and Miami, 100.

SULTRY NIGHTS CONTINUE: West Palm Beach tied a record warm low Tuesday with 80, matching a mark last set in 2007. In the Keys, Marathon tied a record warm low with 82, matching the record set in 2017.

Longer term, forecasters at the National Weather Service in Miami say to expect “a continuation of a hot/humid or summerlike pattern.”

A cold front is forecast to slide into the peninsula early next week, but it “likely will not get very far” with high pressure sitting over the Bahamas.


TROPICS WATCH: Coastal Louisiana is dealing with a case of déjà vu as a major hurricane barrels across the Gulf of Mexico toward the already storm-ravaged northern Gulf Coast. Hurricane Delta is forecast to peak at 130 mph — the season’s third major — and hit Louisiana on Friday as a 115-mph storm. The forecast track puts Delta near the same landfall area as major Hurricane Laura, which devastated the coast on August 27.

This year’s other major caused catastrophic damage to the east, in coastal Alabama over to the Pensacola area.

“During a busy 2020 hurricane season, Louisiana has been in the ‘cone of uncertainty’ six times,” noted on Wednesday.

Delta was pounding Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula Wednesday morning as a Category 2.

If it’s any consolation — and it certainly isn’t to the folks on the Gulf Coast — there were no new storms on the horizon as per the National Hurricane Center’s Tropical Weather Outlook map.

Don’t put your hurricane supplies back in storage, though — the GFS has a storm forming off the coast of the Carolinas the middle of next week; and another the week after that spins up in the northwestern Caribbean, then crosses Cuba and heads into the Bahamas.

Hottest summer on record in Key West; Heat Advisories posted for West-Central FL

Key West record

SULTRY SUMMER: It was the hottest summer on record in Key West, the National Weather Service said. The island city joins Miami, Naples and Fort Lauderdale in posting the warmest summer since record keeping began (which varies from city-to-city; it’s 1873 in Key West). It was the second hottest August in Key West and the 10th hottest August in Marathon. It was also the third-driest August on record in Marathon, where just 1.78 inches of rain fell all month. (Image credit: NWS-Key West)

A Heat Advisory was posted by the National Weather Service for West-Central Florida for heat index readings of up to 110 degrees.

Counties affected: Polk, Hardee, Highlands, DeSoto, Coastal Hillsborough, Coastal Manatee, Inland Hillsborough, Inland Manatee and Inland Sarasota Counties.

Thanks to easterly breezes off the slightly cooler Atlantic, most of South Florida was expected to top out between 105-107, under heat advisory levels.

Top heat indices Tuesday: Immokalee, 110; Sarasota, 106; Fort Lauderdale, 106; Fort Myers, 104; Miami, 103; and Orlando, 102.



(Image credit: NHC)

TROPICS WATCH: The coast of Belize was under a Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch as Tropical Storm Nana continued its westward track — a path that forecasters say will take it all the way over to the Pacific Ocean as a remnant low on Friday afternoon. It was expected to make landfall in Belize early Thursday morning as a Category 1, 75-mph hurricane — the fifth of the season.

Meanwhile, Tropical Depression 15 was upgraded to Tropical Storm Omar late Tuesday, the earliest 15th named storm on record. But Omar is destined to be a mere statistic, as it heads out to sea well north of Bermuda and dissipates.

There are two other tropical systems in play in the Eastern and Central Atlantic. The disturbance near Africa was given a 60 percent chance of development by Monday, but it had not been designated an invest as of Wednesday morning. The system in the Central Atlantic, designated Invest 91L, had a 30 percent chance of development. Forecast models show this disturbance meandering in the area over the next few days.

The GFS and ECMWF forecast models show development in the Atlantic next week. The next two names on the list are Paulette and Rene.

Speaking of which, there are only four additional names on the 2020 Atlantic list after that: Sally, Teddy, Vicky and Wilfred. Since this is only September 2, it’s hard to see us NOT go through the entire list this season for the first time since 2005.

The NHC began assigning Greek letters to storms after that, and this will be the process once again this year, according to the NHC website.

The 2020 hurricane season has already produced 43 ACE (Accumulated Cyclone Energy). “That’s more than 12 full Atlantic seasons in the satellite era” since 1966, Philip Klotzbach said on Twitter. They were 1970, 1972, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1986, 1987, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1997 and 2013.

Heat index hits 111 in Marathon; wetter weather seen for East Coast areas

ECFL forecast

(Image credit: NWS-Melbourne)

Oppressive heat is the weather story this weekend around the Florida peninsula, but a southwest wind flow should bring some needed rain to the East Coast during the afternoon and evening.

Top heat index readings Friday:

  • Marathon, 111; Immokalee, 110; Fort Lauderdale, 109; West Palm Beach, 108; Naples, 106; Key West, 106; and Miami, 105.
  • Daytona Beach, 106; Orlando, 105; Fort Pierce, 105; and Stuart, 104.
  • Sarasota, 108; Fort Myers, 107; Punta Gorda, 105; and Tampa, 103.
  • Cross City, 107; Gainesville, 106; and Jacksonville, 102.

Rainfall was light around the state Friday, although some CoCoRaHS observers in southern Hillsborough County reported a little more than an inch. And an observer south of Quincy, in the panhandle, reported 2.62 inches to CoCoRaHS.


TROPICS WATCH: Laura became extra-tropical near Louisville, Kentucky Saturday morning on its way to the Mid-Atlantic States, where it’s expected to drop 1-2 inches of rain before emerging back into the Atlantic. It should be absorbed by a cold front off the coast of Canada.

The other two disturbances in the Atlantic have 30-40 percent chances of development. Forecast models show the system in the far eastern Atlantic developing, but storms that develop that far east usually curve out to sea. The tropical wave approaching the Lesser Antilles is set to cruise through the Caribbean next week.


CLOSE ENCOUNTER: Look, up in the sky — is it a bird? A plane? No, it’s asteroid 2011 ES4, a 150-foot-long space rock that is set to scream passed Earth on Tuesday at 10:49 a.m. EDT. NASA promises that the asteroid won’t hit the planet, but it will come within 44,000 miles of us, which is a whisker in space terms and way less than half-way to the moon.

Space rocks that thread the needle between the moon and the Earth are not super-rare, but they aren’t common, either.

The asteroid, which is on NASA’s Center for Near-Earth Object Studies Close Approaches database, will be flying at 18,000 mph when it makes its run through the Earth-moon corridor. Computer simulations have not shown a potential for collision, which is a good thing since 2011 ES4 is “as big as a double-decker bus,” according to London’s Daily Express.

If an asteroid the size of 2011 ES4 did crash into the planet, it would cause about the same amount of damage as the Chelyabinsk, Russia asteroid that hit in 2013. In that incident, a 20-metre meteor smashed windows in the city and injured more than 1,000 people.

Heat index could hit 110; Hurricane Center monitoring two disturbances


Areas of interest in the Atlantic were given a 30 percent chance of tropical development (western wave) and 40 percent chance (eastern wave) over the next five days. (Image credit: NHC)

TROPICS WATCH: Laura was downgraded to a tropical depression as it moved northeast toward the Mid-Atlantic States, where it is expected to strengthen after it moves into the northwest Atlantic Ocean.

The two waves in the Atlantic each had 30 percent chances of developing into the next tropical depression or storm. The next two names on the list are Nana and Omar. The earliest 14th and 15th named storms are Nate, which spun up on September 6, 2005; and Ophelia on September 7, 2005.

Forecast model snapshot: The GFS is forecasting a hurricane in the Atlantic that begins next week with a developing system approaching the northeastern Antilles. It cranks up into a powerful storm east of the Bahamas.

The Canadian (CMC) has a system moving through the Caribbean next week and eventually running into Central America. The German ICON model also has a system in the Caribbean next week.

We are 13 days away from the statistical peak of the season on September 10.


THE AC GUYS ARE STAYING BUSY: Top heat index readings Thursday: Naples, 109; Immokalee, 107; Fort Lauderdale, 106; Miami, 105; and West Palm Beach, 103.

Keys: Marathon, 109; Boca Chica Naval Air Station, 108; and Key West, 103.

Central: Kissimmee, 108; Winter Haven, 106; Melbourne, 106; Stuart, 104; and Orlando, 103.

West-Central: Fort Myers, 105; Brooksville, 105; Leesburg, 105; Punta Gorda, 103; and Tampa, 102.

North: Daytona Beach, 108; Gainesville, 106; Jacksonville, 105; and Cross City, 102.

That’s pretty hot, but you ain’t seen nothing yet, as Bachman Turner Overdrive once observed. Even on Florida’s East Coast, heat index readings could approach 110 today and Saturday, the National Weather Service said. The only saving grace is that rain chances will be on the increase this weekend into early next week.

“Now for those never-ending toasty temperatures,” forecasters at the National Weather Service in Miami said. “A mid-level high over the region will allow afternoon temps to climb into the low-mid 90s area-wide with dew points in the mid-upper 70s. The combination of the two will allow for another hot and muggy day with heat indices soaring to near advisory criteria.” That’s a heat index of 108 for at least two hours.

Orlando is looking at a heat index today of 107, so it’s not a good day for picnics or pony rides in Central Florida, either.

If it’s any consolation, and I know it’s not, average temps begin to tick down as we get into September. The normal high in Orlando plunges all the way from 91 on August 31 to 90 on September 7 and 89 on September 18. Average highs fall much faster in October, of course.

By the time the kiddies are trying on their Batman costumes for trick-or-treat the normal high in Orlando is 82.

Temperature records fall; heat index values of up to 112 degrees in forecast


UPDATE: The National Hurricane Center will be following a new disturbance (yellow marking) that is about to roll off the coast of Africa. By the time it reaches the Central Atlantic and is approaching the Lesser Antilles early next week, it will have a 20 percent chance of becoming the next tropical depression — or Tropical Storm Nana. About that name: Yes, it’s pronounced the same as the nickname you may have given your grandmother. Nana is an English version of the Italian word for grandmother. You don’t ordinarily think of grandmothers thrashing about, causing damage to property and threatening lives, but “N” storms that form in late August or early September aren’t usually meek. Maybe it means that the World Meteorological Organization is running out of names. Who knows, maybe in a couple of years we’ll be dealing with Hurricane Pappy. (Image credit: NHC)

Continental US - Clean Longwave Window - IR
                                                                                                             (Image credit: NOAA)

ORIGINAL POST: This is a satellite image of a hurricane at its most dangerous — symmetrical, with an eye clearing out and well-established banding. It’s headed toward the Texas-Louisiana state line where it is forecast to make landfall around 1 a.m. Thursday as the season’s first major hurricane.

It was a Category 4 storm with winds of 140 mph late Wednesday afternoon.

Forecasters predicted Laura would top out with winds of 145 mph, still a Category 4 but but 11 mph under Category 5 status. They are no longer calling for it to weaken at landfall, but it should weaken quickly after landfall.

After that, the GFS is forecasting that another powerful hurricane will spring from a storm set to emerge off the coast of Africa early next week. The GFS shows it missing the Lesser Antilles to the northeast and suggests at the end of the run that the storm will recurve off the U.S. Coast.

This scenario doesn’t have much other model support, except for the German model ICON, which also shows Laura regenerating back into a tropical storm off the Mid-Atlantic Coast early next week.

That possibility is reflected in the National Hurricane Center’s morning discussion on Laura, although the official forecast is for the storm to become, and remain, extra-tropical.

ECFL forecast

(Image credit: NWS-Melbourne)

The story in Florida, which largely escaped major impacts from Marco and Laura, is the heat. West-Central Florida was under a Heat Advisory today for heat index readings of up to 112 degrees. Even on the East Coast, forecasters are calling for heat index values of up to 107 if you’re not right on the beach..

Rain chances tick up around the peninsula as the weekend approaches, but with the kind of heat we’re having, make sure your irrigation system is in good working order.

RECORD WATCH: Several cities around the peninsula set or tied all-time record warm lows for the month of August on Tuesday.

Miami set a record with 84, beating the previous record of 82 set in 1914. It also tied the record for the warmest low ever recorded in August. That was last set on August 31, 2017. That’s also the warmest low ever recorded in Miami but it occurred several times in July, August and September.

Key West also broke a record warm minimum with 85, beating the old record of 84 set in 2015.

Up the coast, Daytona Beach set a new record low for the month of August with 82, beating the old record of 81 set on August 30, 2008. Orlando tied the record for the warmest low in August with 80. That tied the record set on August 19, 1909. The 80-degree low set a record for the date.

Melbourne’s low of 83 tied the all-time record warm low last set on August 31, 2019.

Record warm lows were also set or tied in Vero Beach (83); Sanford (80); Fort Pierce (81); and Leesburg (81).

Sarasota set a record high with 97; Tampa tied a record high with 96, matching the mark set just a year ago. The heat index topped out at 104.

ALSO OF NOTE: Jacksonville’s low of 80 broke a record warm low for the date of 79 set in 1885.

RAINFALL UPDATE: Apalachicola picked up a record 7.85 inches of rain Sunday as Tropical Storm Marco approached the Gulf Coast. That beat the old single-day record of 2.54 inches set in 1955.

Two tropical storms in Atlantic, neither a threat to land


There were two active storms in the Atlantic on Saturday. (Image credit NOAA/ NHC)

We’re ahead of the record-breaking 2005 season in terms of named storms, with Tropical Storm Kyle forming Friday, a week earlier than 2005’s Hurricane Katrina. However, the season is currently in third place with named storm days at 25.75. That’s since 1966, when the satellite era began.

“The only years with more named storm days through August 14 were 2005 (39.75 named storm days) and 2008 (29 named storm days),” Colorado State University hurricane researcher Philip Klotzbach said on Twitter.

Both Kyle and Tropical Storm Josephine were at 45 mph Saturday morning, but neither was a threat to land — the exception being that Bermuda may get some of the impacts of ex-Josephine next week after it has been downgraded to a remnant low.

Forecast models don’t seem particularly enthusiastic about the rest of August, as we reach the mid-point of the month. NOAA’s GFS and the European (ECMWF) are rather blase about the next two weeks in the Atlantic. Based on the seasonal forecasts, we can expect that to change … but when?


THE HEAT BEAT: With an Atlantic sea breeze slightly cooling the East Coast, top heat index readings were inland and in the western metro areas. Immokalee hit 110 degrees; Naples, 106; Punta Gorda, 105; Fort Myers, 103; Orlando, 102; Brooksville, 102; and Gainesville, 102.

RAINFALL REPORT: Fort Myers picked up 1.61 inches of rain Friday, bringing the city’s monthly total to 8.36 inches, 3.88 above average for this time of the month. It was the fifth day in August with a total of more than an inch.

On the flip side, Sarasota received no rain at all Friday, and the city’s monthly total stands at a paltry 0.35 of an inch, a precipitation shortfall of 3.63 inches.

RECORD WATCH: Record warm lows were set or tied Friday in Miami (82); Key West (86); Orlando (77); and Sanford (78).

West Palm Beach ties all-time August low temperature record; Hurricane Center eyes Central Atlantic

WCFL precip

(Image credit: NWS-TampaBay)

RAINFALL REPORT: It was a wet weekend for West-Central Florida, where many locations picked up more than an inch of rain Sunday through early Monday morning. In addition to the totals listed above, a CoCoRaHS observer near Plant City found 2.69 inches in the backyard bucket.

Orange County also got a good soaking, with 3.10 inches falling just east of Apopka. In Volusia County, 2.13 inches fell near Deltona.


RECORD WATCH: West Palm Beach tied a record for the warmest low ever recorded in August — 83 degrees — on Sunday. It was 2 degrees short of the all-time warmest low of 85 set on July 28-29 in 2011.

The low was also 83 in Miami, which tied a daily record set in 2017. Fort Lauderdale’s low of 84 tied a record set in 2017.


SUNDAY MAX HEAT INDEX READINGS: Fort Lauderdale, 108; Immokalee, 107; Orlando, 107; Naples and Gainesville, 106; Melbourne, 104; Miami and West Palm Beach, 103; Tampa, 102; and Jacksonville, 101.


Monday morning forecast tracks for Invest 95L. (Image credit: SFWMD)

TROPICS WATCH: Invest 95L was given a 60 percent chance of development over the next two to five days as it moves west-northwest across the Central Atlantic toward the Lesser Antilles. Monday morning forecast models suggested that the system — which would be called Josephine if it earns a name — may curve out to sea east of the Bahamas.

South Florida sizzles as heat index soars as high as 110


UPDATE: Chances of development for the disturbance in the eastern Atlantic, now designated Invest 95L, jumped to 40-50 percent over the next two to five days in the Sunday afternoon Tropical Weather Outlook by the National Hurricane Center. Early forecast models show this low moving toward the northeastern Lesser Antilles. If this system gets a name it would be Josephine. The earliest “J” storm on record currently is Jose in 2005, which formed on August 22. (Image credit: NHC)


Weather moods

Summer weather can be challenging for Florida residents, especially those who are new to the state and haven’t experienced it. But remember, we’ll be back enjoying cooler temperatures in just a few short … well, months. Late October maybe? Veterans Day? Surely by Thanksgiving! (Image credit: NOAA)

It’s hot out there, campers!

Heat index readings of up to 109 were expected across South Florida Sunday as high pressure builds over the state. It’s a rinse and repeat day after brutally high index values on Saturday and relatively dry conditions.

A Heat Advisory is generally issued if the heat index is over 108 degrees for two hours. It could be a close call today and Monday, the National Weather Service said. Air temperatures could near records as well, they said.

Max heat indices Saturday: Immokalee, 110; Kendall, 109; Marathon, 108; Fort Lauderdale and Key West, 106; Miami and Naples, 105.

Central: DeLand, 107; Ocala, 105; Venice, 104; Orlando and Sanford, 103; and Tampa, 100.

North Florida: Tallahassee, 105; Gainesville and Cross City, 101; and Jacksonville, 100.


RAINFALL REPORT: An observer for the citizen network CoCoRaHS reported 1.84 inches northeast of Naples on Saturday. An observer in Hillsborough County near Sun City Center reported 1.16 inches. In northern Marion County, north of Fort McCoy, an observer reported 1.22 inches.


TROPICS WATCH: The National Hurricane Center dropped a disturbance approaching the Lesser Antilles from its Tropical Weather Outlook map on Saturday, and replaced it with a larger system to the east. This new disturbance was given a 20 percent chance of developing into a tropical depression, or Tropical Storm Josephine, over the next two to five days.

As we head toward mid-August, global forecast models aren’t suggesting much of anything in terms of development in the Atlantic. But that can change on a dime (and probably will). For now, the only hint of tropical activity is showing up in some GFS runs, where a storm spins up in the Caribbean and pushes into the Gulf of Mexico — but that’s two weeks out.

White knuckle time for Florida is usually the middle of August through the middle of October, an eight-week stretch that is almost upon us.

“Historically, ~85% of Atlantic major (Category 3+) #hurricane activity occurs after August 20,” Colorado State University hurricane researcher Philip Klotzbach noted on Twitter.

Hottest July on record in Miami, Sarasota; Isaias begins long track up U.S. Coast

August forecast

MORE OF THE SAME: The long-range outlook for August, released on Friday, calls for more wet weather in Florida, along with above normal temperatures. NOAA forecasters said the last full month of summer will be wetter than usual all the way up the East Coast into southern Maine. (Image credit: NOAA/ CPC)


TROPICS WATCH: Almost the entire U.S. East Coast was under watches or warnings Monday related to Tropical Storm Isaias, from just south of Jacksonville all the way up into Maine. The storm, off Florida’s northeast coast, was forecast to become a hurricane again today, briefly, before making landfall in North Carolina.

Isaias is forecast to batter the mid-Atlantic and Northeast with heavy rain and wind by mid-week.

Invest 94L near the Lesser Antilles still had a 60 percent chance of becoming the next tropical depression — or Tropical Storm Josephine — as it moves north in the open Atlantic. However, it was forecast to stall southwest of Bermuda, and some forecast models show it looping around and heading west again by the end of the week.


July climate report

Temperatures in Tallahassee were hotter than usual for July, with close to normal rainfall. (Image credit: NWS-Tallahassee)

JULY WRAP: It was the hottest July on record in Miami, the National Weather Service said. The average monthly temperature of 85.9 degrees edged out the old record of 85.7 degrees set in 2017. Miami ended the month wet, with 10.26 inches during July, 3.76 inches above average.

It was also the warmest July on record in Sarasota — and the warmest month since record keeping began in 1911. Overall temps came in just below Miami and Key West at 85.8, beating the previous July and all-time record set in July 2016.

Key West also ended July with an average temperature of 85.9 and a precipitation total of 6.19 inches, 2.64 above average. Tampa was slightly cooler at 85.5 degrees, but that was still 2.5 degrees above average. Tampa posted a precipitation deficit of 2.64 inches.

In Central Florida, Orlando had an above normal July at 83.7 degrees, a degree above average; and a precipitation total of 7.19 inches, just under normal rainfall for the city,

Jacksonville had temps and rainfall very close to norms for July.


RECORD WATCH: While Florida’s East Coast was keeping a nervous eye on Tropical Storm Isaias over the weekend, the West Coast was dealing with a heat wave. The thermometer reached 98 on Saturday, a record for August 1 that easily beat the old record of 95 set in 1993.

Key West tied a record warm low Sunday with 84, and Orlando broke a record warm low with 79, beating the old mark of 77 set in 2016.

Melbourne tied a record warm low Sunday with 78, and Vero Beach tied a record warm low with 76.